Axe 4 / Axis 4

Axis 4. History of Psychology and Memory

The history of psychology is a privileged subject of knowledge in the domain of memory. The influence of major French authors (e.g. Ribot, Binet, Janet) on experimental psychology has been addressed as well as the question of the pioneers of structural and functional aspects of memory and methods (e.g., Nicolas & Thompson, 2015). In particular S Nicolas addressed T. Ribot (1839-1916), the founder of modern French psychology but also a major figure at the international level at the turn of the 20th century who favored in his works, the pathological method, which he applied in particular to the study of memory (1881). 
In keeping with these previous works, we will continue with S Nicolas research into the history of instruments used in experimental psychology. Today, experimental psychology laboratories contain many sophisticated electronic instruments such as computers filled with special software associated with an EEG machine or Virtual Reality glasses. These devices open up exciting new horizons for scientific research. Scientific instruments were fundamental tools indispensable for the development of psychology as an experimental science and allowing the development of new concepts and refinement of the memory models.  We aim  to propose a history of instruments used by psychologists from the 19th (chronometers, dynamometers, ergographs, esthesiometers, mnemometers, etc.) to the 21st century (EEG, eye trackers, VR devices) focusing on their technical evolution, advantages and disadvantages. Concerning the historical study of memory, we will propose an anthology of early memory research taking into account the development in the course of the nineteenth-century of themes on false memories and memory problems, on various types of memory (e.g., affective memory, self-memory) and processes.